Steroids for dogs, as a rule, are used to suppress inflammation, reduce pain. These drugs are prescribed for a wide range of diseases, but at the same time, if used incorrectly, they can be dangerous and suppress the immune system of the animal as a whole.
What are steroids for dogs?
Steroids for dogsare substances that circulate in the blood and affect almost every organ and part of the body. The majority of steroids for dogs are formed in the adrenal glands. The outer part of the adrenal glands (adrenal cortex) develops and regulates three groups of steroids for dogs:
Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone and deoxycorticosterone).
Mineralocorticoids regulate the level of sodium circulation, potassium chloride, as well as blood volume and blood pressure.
Glucocorticoids (cortisol [hydrocortisone], cortisone and corticosterone). Glucocorticoids regulate the level of glucose in the blood, participate in the metabolism, on them depends the growth, development and reaction to various inflammations. They also affect bones, cartilage, calcium metabolism, heart, kidneys, the course of pregnancy and the functions of the central nervous system.
Sex hormones (androgens and estrogens, as a compound). The role of the adrenal glands in the development of sex hormones remains unclear. They probably have the effect of masculinization or feminization (the accumulation of male or female hormones, respectively), like testosterone, estrogen and progesterone. Mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids are collectively called “corticosteroids.” Many people refer to corticosteroids, as to simple “steroids”, but in vain.
Inside the adrenal glands (adrenal medulla), epinephrine (epinephrine and norepinephrine) is produced, which is crucial for responding to stress and regulating blood sugar levels. These steroids increase the heart rate, cardiac output, blood pressure, and also affect metabolism, slowing the movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract.
Why use steroids for dogs?
Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive steroids for dogs
Most steroids for dogs suppress inflammation due to reduced heat, redness, swelling, decreased sensitivity and pain. But at the same time they suppress the immune system, which can be either good or bad, depending on the situation. Steroids are usually used for a short period, when the animal does not respond to treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Long-term use of steroids is limited to dogs whose immune system does not work properly.
Steroids for dogs are used to treat:
- Diseases of the organs of vision
- Gastrointestinal diseases
- With thermal shock
- The immune system
- Kidney Diseases
- Diseases of the lungs
- Neurology / diseases of the central nervous system
- In case of termination of pregnancy
- In shock
- Skin Diseases
- “Systemic lupus erythematosus”
- Various injuries
Steroids For Your Dog
Anabolic steroids for dogs increase the production of red blood cells, which in turn leads to an increase in the amount of circulating oxygen and promotes tissue growth. Testosterone, which is naturally produced in testicles (male testicles), is an anabolic steroid. Synthetic anabolic steroids are similar to testosterone, but they do not produce such a strong masculinizing effect. They are used to treat chronic, non-regenerative anemia in pets. In addition, this type of steroids is used to increase muscle mass and improve overall health in older dogs, as well as to restore weight and physical condition in animals after surgery or a long debilitating illness steroids for arthritis.
Side effects of steroids for dogs
If used improperly, steroids for dogs can be dangerous. Because they suppress pain and other signs of inflammation, owners and veterinarians do not have the ability to recognize and control the disease or injury of the animal and, accordingly, prescribe adequate treatment. Under the influence of steroids, the dog looks as if it is getting better, although in reality everything can be completely different. Steroids also impair the ability of the immune system to fight the disease on its own steroids for dogs.
Side effects from the use of steroids for dogs:
- Risk of miscarriage
- Damage to the adrenal glands
- Damage to cartilage
- Delayed wound healing
- Gastrointestinal complications (vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, bleeding, ulceration, erosion, perforation) with serious consequences
- High blood pressure
- Addison’s disease
- Disease of Itenko-Cushing
- Increased appetite and thirst
- Excessive urination
- Weight gain
- Complication of treatment of diabetes mellitus
- Damage to the liver
- Reduced resistance to infection
- Decreased effectiveness of antibiotics
- Sepsis / septicemia
Synthetic anabolic steroids for dogs can lead to sodium and water retention in the body, damage to the liver and kidneys, women are particularly prone to developing secondary male sexual characteristics (masculinization).
Steroids for dogs should not be taken with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Controversial is also the sharing of antibiotics and steroids. Most steroids are taken orally (by ingestion), although injections are currently available. Because long-term use of steroids can be harmful, veterinarians in such cases prescribe the lowest effective dose. It is necessary to gradually remove dogs from steroids.
To write this article I was prompted by the recommendations for the use of quite dangerous pharmacological agents, in the articles of the magazines “pitman”, “pit master”, etc. Having medical education, I can not remain silent. For 20 years now, I’ve been doing dogs for 10 years with pits. Yes, I’m a veterinarian and like all veterinarians I cut ears and tails and do not say that we do not care about your problems. often you are the owners of dogs, first they are crippled by their medical knowledge, and then run to us for help. But we are not magicians. Any doctor uses in his practice such a valuable achievement of the scientific and technical process as hormones and anabolics for the treatment of many very serious diseases, when accelerated synthesis of proteins and thus accelerated production of protein by the body is required. At the same time, it is necessary to observe the true “jewelry technique” of applying these pharmacological preparations, which takes into account the age, sex, nutrition, the conditions of functioning of the leading systems of the body and the subtlest mechanisms of their action, as well as genetic predisposition, i.e. how much the body corresponds to one or another hormone or anabolic genetics. And yet this is not a miracle cure.
I am amazed in these articles by one phrase
“… Judge for yourself: if steroids help even seriously ill people, what harm can they do to the pit bull?”
Yes, that’s the truth. And what kind of harm can there be a conversation. Let’s start with the main commandment of doctors DO NOT HAVE, there is another commandment, any medicine in large doses is poison – even if it’s vitamins. And you allow yourself the liberty to talk about such serious and quite dangerous pharmacological preparations. And there is no need to conduct any experiments with a survey of doctors about the use with an anabolic goal of insulin, and it is clear that 99 out of 100 will be against. There is no sophisticated disinformation, but there is a bare truth. Insulin, along with its quality of a highly active anabolic hormone, turns glucose into glycerol (hereinafter complex chains of biochemical transformations) and, ultimately, into a triglyceride, which leads to the growth of fat cells. You probably heard about such concepts as diabetes, insulin dependence, insulin coma, diabetes insipidus, insulin-dependent diabetes, and others. So when you uncontrollably just start to stuff the body with insulin, then it stops producing it yourself, there is an addiction to insulin, and as with drugs, addiction arises. As a result, from a healthy animal you get an invalid. So what’s the truth? You so want to dispel the myth that anabolic steroids for dogs are harmful, but you forget that anabolism is not possible without catabolism. The fact that the patient can be a therapeutic factor (the ability to stimulate protein synthesis, reduce the excretion of nitrogen, reduce the release of potassium, sulfur and phosphorus, the ability to fix calcium in the bones, increase appetite, weight gain, etc.), the effects of taking on a healthy body acquires the opposite effect (inhibition of the gonodal regular circle, water-salt retention, changes in the fat content of the skin, alopecia, growth retardation, cardiac enlargement, weakening of the immune system, damage to the kidneys, and other hormones side effects).